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Provinces of France

The Kingdom of France was organised into provinces until the National Constituent Assembly adopted a more uniform division into departments (départements) and districts in late 1789. The provinces continued to exist administratively until 21 September 1791. The provinces of France were roughly equivalent to the historic counties of England.They came into their final form over the course of ...

France | Encyclopedia

France''s capital city, Paris, is located in the north central part of the country. TOPOGRAPHY. France topographically is one of the most varied countries of Europe, with elevations ranging from 2 m (7 ft) below sea level at Rh ô ne River delta to the highest peak of the continent, Mont Blanc (4,807 m/15,771 ft), on the border with Italy. Much ...

Calvados (department)

Calvados is one of the most visited areas in France because of its seaside resorts which are among the most prestigious in France with their luxurious hotels, casinos, green countryside, manors, castles, the quiet, the chalk cliffs, the typical Norman houses, the history of William the Conqueror, Caen, Bayeux, Lisieux, the famous D-day beaches ...

France

Encyclopedia Britannica, France''s cultural and historical legacies are numerous and diverse. It has long played a dominant role on the world stage, and as one of the largest countries of the European Union, its global influence shows no signs of dying down. But despite its cultural, economic, governmental, and historical achievements, France has experienced trials and tribulations, perhaps ...

Corsica

Corsica (/ ˈ k ɔːr s ɪ k ə /; Upper Corsican:, Southern Corsican:; Italian: ; French: Corse, (); Ligurian: Còrsega) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and politically one of the eighteen regions of France is the fourth-largest island in the Mediterranean and lies southeast of the French mainland, west of the Italian Peninsula and immediately north of the Italian island of Sardinia ...

France Maps & Facts

 · France, a Western European country that includes several overseas territories and regions, has 640,679 km2 (247,368 sq mi). As observed on France''s physical map above, the country is partially covered central, north and west by a relatively flat plain that''s punctuated by some time-worn low rolling hills and mountains. France Geography

Greece History and Timeline Overview

Timeline and History Overview. 3000 - The Bronze Age begins in Greece. 1240 - The beginning of the Trojan War. 1130 - Iron is introduced. The Iron Age begins. 700s - The city-states of Athens and Sparta emerge and become major powers in the region. 776 - The first Olympics takes place at Olympia.

Champagne (province)

Champagne (French pronunciation: ) was a province in the northeast of the Kingdom of France, now best known as the Champagne wine region for the sparkling white wine that bears its name in modern-day France. The County of Champagne, descended from the early medieval kingdom of Austrasia, passed to the French crown in 1314.. Formerly ruled by the counts of Champagne, its western edge …

Costa Rica Location Geography People Culture Economy ...

Costa Rica Location Geography People Culture Economy History Britannica Costa rica location geography people culture economy history britannica nicaragua facts central america map countries capitals Source:

France

France shares borders with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, and Andorra.The Mediterranean Sea lies to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean lies to the west.. In the north and west the Seine and Loire rivers run through broad plains. In the southeast are the French Alps ance''s highest point—Mont Blanc, which rises 15,771 feet (4,807 meters)—is in the Alps.

France

Earth and Geography History ... France, history of: French expansion, 1600–1766. Nicolas de Largillière: Louis XIV and His Family. ... Sign up for our Britannica for Parents newsletter for expert advice on parenting in the 21st century!

French Revolution: Timeline, Causes & Summary

 · The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte.

France: History and Culture | HISTORY

France is a large European country with a diverse population and a rich history. Learn more about Napoleon Bonaparte, Louis XIV and the French Revolution.

Geography in the Encyclopædia Britannica

154 GEOGRAPHY IN THE ENCYCLOPiEDIA BRITANNICA. The article is divided into Part I. history and present state of geography (7 pp.), Part II. principles and practice of geography (47J pp.), and an appendix (1^ pp.) on the teaching of geography. Part II. comprises a long account of globes and how to use them, and a shorter one of maps, and little ...

Nice | History, Geography, & Points of Interest | Britannica

History and geography of the city of Nice, France. Founded by the Phocaeans of Marseille (a colony of Greek mariners) around 350 bce, the city was probably named in honour of a victory (nikē in Greek) over a neighbouring colony. Conquered by the Romans during the 1st century ce, it became a busy trading station.The town was held by the counts of Provence during the 10th century, and in 1388 ...

Lorraine | History, Culture, Geography, & Map | Britannica

Lorraine, historical region of France, incorporated since January 2016 into the administrative region of Grand Est. Created by the Treaty of Verdun as part of Lotharingia in 843, Lorraine was contested by Germany and Burgundy during the Middle Ages …

Britannica LaunchPacks GCSE

Britannica LaunchPacks GCSE, London, United Kingdom. 30 likes · 4 talking about this. Curated by teachers, for teachers, around thematic units covered in the KS3-4 curriculum for History and...

Brittany | History, Geography, & Points of ...

History and geography of the French region of Brittany. Geography. Brittany belongs to the ancient uplands of the Armorican Massif and is generally low-lying, with a mean elevation of 341 feet (104 metres). The Aulne Basin separates the heights of the Arrée …

France: provinces, before 1789

The historical provinces of France (before 1789). ... Earth and Geography History Life Processes ... Sign up for our Britannica for Parents newsletter for expert advice on parenting in the 21st century! Thank you for subscribing!

Morocco | Facts, History & News

Infoplease has everything you need to know about Morocco. Check out our countryprofile, full of essential information about Morocco''sgeography, history,government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that''s not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.

Ile-de-France | History, Geography, & Points ...

Geography. The région lies in the centre of the Paris Basin and consists of limestone plains with a gently rolling relief. The principal rivers are the Seine and its tributaries—the Marne, Oise, and Aisne. Île-de-France is the most densely populated région in France. In the century between 1850 and 1950, when most areas of France were losing population, Paris attracted migrants from all ...

Vexin

Vexin (French pronunciation: ) is an historical county of northwestern France covers a verdant plateau on the right bank (north) of the Seine running roughly east to west between Pontoise and Romilly-sur-Andelle (about 20 km from Rouen), and north to south between Auneuil and the Seine near Vernon.The plateau is crossed by the Epte and the Andelle river valleys.

Burgundy

Burgundy (/ ˈ b ɜːr ɡ ən d i /; French: Bourgogne ()) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of east-central France. It is named for the Burgundians, an East Germanic people who moved westwards beyond the Rhine during the late Roman period.. The name Burgundy has historically denoted numerous political entities, including kingdoms and duchies spanning territory from ...

Geography & History Britannica

Geography & History Britannica 2020. Armenia is a mountainous country characterized by a great variety of scenery and geologic instability. The average altitude is 5,900 feet (1,800 metres) above sea level. There are no lowlands: half the territory lies at altitudes of 3,300 to 6,600 feet; only about one-tenth lies below the 3,300-foot mark.

Brittany | History, Geography, & Points of ...

History and geography of the French region of Brittany. Geography. Brittany belongs to the ancient uplands of the Armorican Massif and is generally low-lying, with a mean elevation of 341 feet (104 metres). The Aulne Basin separates the heights of the Arrée Mountains (1,260 feet [384 metres]) in the north and the Noires Mountains (1,001 feet [305 metres]) in the south.

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France

France (French: ), officially the French Republic (French: République française), is a country based in Western Europe, consisting of metropolitan France and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea.The overseas territories include French ...

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1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/France/History

Here are found the "history" and "law and institutions" portions of the article on France. 2126692 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 10 — - France History …

Britannica LaunchPacks GCSE

Britannica LaunchPacks GCSE. May 31 at 10:30 PM ·. We''ve made 2 of our LaunchPacks completely free to access so you can see for yourself how well they would work in your school - follow the link to access! https://packs.eb .uk/login…. #education #gcse #gcsehistory #gcsegeography #history #geography #resources #free #classroom #revision # ...

Champagne Weekends In France | Britannica Blog

Champagne sales may have gone a little flat in the recession but a visit to this part of France is still a sparkling treat. Georgia Hunter, one of our travelbite correspondents, raises a glass on a wine-tasting weekend break in the Champagne region of France (right).. Fangio has a lot to answer for. The legendary motor racing ace of the 1950s was supposedly the perpetrator of the decades-old ...

Geography for Kids: Germany

Total Size: 357,021 square km Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Montana Geographical Coordinates: 51 00 N, 9 00 E World Region or Continent: Europe General Terrain: lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south Geographical Low Point: Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.54 m Geographical High Point: Zugspitze 2,963 m Climate: temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters …

Germany History and Timeline Overview

1701 - Frederick I becomes the king of Prussia. 1740 - Frederick the Great becomes king. He expands the German Empire and supports the sciences, arts, and industry. 1756 - The Seven Years'' War begins. Germany allies with Britain against France, Austria, and Russia. Germany and Britain win. 1756 - Famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is born.

New France | Encyclopedia

 · New France. The name New France was first applied to the northeastern portion of North America in a map prepared by the explorer Giovanni da Verrazano (1485–1530). It reflected the overseas ambitions of Verrazano''s master, King François I (1494–1547), as well as the presence of Breton and Norman fishermen in the coastal waters of the region.

Nantes | History, Geography, & Points of Interest | Britannica

Nantes derives its name from the Namnètes, a Gallic tribe who made it their capital. It became a commercial centre under the Romans. The Normans, after pillaging the town, occupied it from 834 to 936.After a long struggle in the Middle Ages between the counts of Nantes and Rennes for the sovereignty of Brittany, in 1560, Francis II, king of France (1559–60), granted Nantes a communal ...

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Encyclopaedia Britannica

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Middle East

France controlled Syria and Lebanon, while Britain ruled in Egypt, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, southern Yemen, and some of the gulf sheikhdoms. Jewish nationalists called Zionists began establishing colonies in Palestine, setting the stage for the birth of the State of Israel in 1948.